Error: Code 28 - The stack is a working area of memory that grows and shrinks dynamically with the demands of your executing program.

How to fix the Runtime Code 28 Out of stack space

This article features error number Code 28, commonly known as Out of stack space described as The stack is a working area of memory that grows and shrinks dynamically with the demands of your executing program.

About Runtime Code 28

Runtime Code 28 happens when Windows fails or crashes whilst it's running, hence its name. It doesn't necessarily mean that the code was corrupt in some way, but just that it did not work during its run-time. This kind of error will appear as an annoying notification on your screen unless handled and corrected. Here are symptoms, causes and ways to troubleshoot the problem.

Definitions (Beta)

Here we list some definitions for the words contained in your error, in an attempt to help you understand your problem. This is a work in progress, so sometimes we might define the word incorrectly, so feel free to skip this section!

  • Area - Area is a quantity that expresses the extent of a two-dimensional surface or shape, or planar lamina, in the plane.
  • Memory - Use this tag for memory management or issues in programming
  • Space - DO NOT USE THIS TAG! It is too ambigous, instead please use a more specific tag like letter-spacing separation between letters, whitespace between words, margin areas of a screen, layout or a platformlanguage-specific tag for non-web layouts etc.
  • Stack - A stack is a last in, first out LIFO abstract data type and data structure

Symptoms of Code 28 - Out of stack space

Runtime errors happen without warning. The error message can come up the screen anytime Windows is run. In fact, the error message or some other dialogue box can come up again and again if not addressed early on.

There may be instances of files deletion or new files appearing. Though this symptom is largely due to virus infection, it can be attributed as a symptom for runtime error, as virus infection is one of the causes for runtime error. User may also experience a sudden drop in internet connection speed, yet again, this is not always the case.

Fix Out of stack space (Error Code 28)
(For illustrative purposes only)

Causes of Out of stack space - Code 28

During software design, programmers code anticipating the occurrence of errors. However, there are no perfect designs, as errors can be expected even with the best program design. Glitches can happen during runtime if a certain error is not experienced and addressed during design and testing.

Runtime errors are generally caused by incompatible programs running at the same time. It may also occur because of memory problem, a bad graphics driver or virus infection. Whatever the case may be, the problem must be resolved immediately to avoid further problems. Here are ways to remedy the error.

Repair Methods

Runtime errors may be annoying and persistent, but it is not totally hopeless, repairs are available. Here are ways to do it.

If a repair method works for you, please click the upvote button to the left of the answer, this will let other users know which repair method is currently working the best.

Please note: Neither nor it's writers claim responsibility for the results of the actions taken from employing any of the repair methods listed on this page - you complete these steps at your own risk.

When you get a runtime error, keep in mind that it is happening due to programs that are conflicting with each other. The first thing you can do to resolve the problem is to stop these conflicting programs.
  • Open Task Manager by clicking Ctrl-Alt-Del at the same time. This will let you see the list of programs currently running.
  • Go to the Processes tab and stop the programs one by one by highlighting each program and clicking the End Process buttom.
  • You will need to observe if the error message will reoccur each time you stop a process.
  • Once you get to identify which program is causing the error, you may go ahead with the next troubleshooting step, reinstalling the application.
Using Control Panel
  • For Windows 7, click the Start Button, then click Control panel, then Uninstall a program
  • For Windows 8, click the Start Button, then scroll down and click More Settings, then click Control panel > Uninstall a program.
  • For Windows 10, just type Control Panel on the search box and click the result, then click Uninstall a program
  • Once inside Programs and Features, click the problem program and click Update or Uninstall.
  • If you chose to update, then you will just need to follow the prompt to complete the process, however if you chose to Uninstall, you will follow the prompt to uninstall and then re-download or use the application's installation disk to reinstall the program.
Using Other Methods
  • For Windows 7, you may find the list of all installed programs when you click Start and scroll your mouse over the list that appear on the tab. You may see on that list utility for uninstalling the program. You may go ahead and uninstall using utilities available in this tab.
  • For Windows 10, you may click Start, then Settings, then choose Apps.
  • Scroll down to see the list of Apps and features installed in your computer.
  • Click the Program which is causing the runtime error, then you may choose to uninstall or click Advanced options to reset the application.
Virus infection causing runtime error on your computer must immediately be prevented, quarantined or deleted. Make sure you update your virus program and run a thorough scan of the computer or, run Windows update so you can get the latest virus definition and fix.
You might be getting the error because of an update, like the MS Visual C++ package which might not be installed properly or completely. What you can do then is to uninstall the current package and install a fresh copy.
  • Uninstall the package by going to Programs and Features, find and highlight the Microsoft Visual C++ Redistributable Package.
  • Click Uninstall on top of the list, and when it is done, reboot your computer.
  • Download the latest redistributable package from Microsoft then install it.
You might also be experiencing runtime error because of a very low free space on your computer.
  • You should consider backing up your files and freeing up space on your hard drive
  • You can also clear your cache and reboot your computer
  • You can also run Disk Cleanup, open your explorer window and right click your main directory (this is usually C: )
  • Click Properties and then click Disk Cleanup
If the error is related to a bad graphics driver, then you may do the following:
  • Open your Device Manager, locate the graphics driver
  • Right click the video card driver then click uninstall, then restart your computer
If the error you are getting is related to the Internet Explorer, you may do the following:
  1. Reset your browser.
    • For Windows 7, you may click Start, go to Control Panel, then click Internet Options on the left side. Then you can click Advanced tab then click the Reset button.
    • For Windows 8 and 10, you may click search and type Internet Options, then go to Advanced tab and click Reset.
  2. Disable script debugging and error notifications.
    • On the same Internet Options window, you may go to Advanced tab and look for Disable script debugging
    • Put a check mark on the radio button
    • At the same time, uncheck the "Display a Notification about every Script Error" item and then click Apply and OK, then reboot your computer.
If these quick fixes do not work, you can always backup files and run repair reinstall on your computer. However, you can do that later when the solutions listed here did not do the job.
Other languages:

Wie beheben Fehler 28 (Kein Stapelplatz) - Der Stack ist ein Arbeitsbereich des Speichers, der dynamisch mit den Anforderungen Ihres ausgeführten Programms wächst und schrumpft.
Come fissare Errore 28 (Spazio fuori pila) - Lo stack è un'area di lavoro della memoria che cresce e si riduce dinamicamente con le esigenze del programma in esecuzione.
Hoe maak je Fout 28 (Geen stapelruimte) - De stapel is een werkgebied van het geheugen dat dynamisch groeit en krimpt met de eisen van uw uitvoerende programma.
Comment réparer Erreur 28 (Manque d'espace de pile) - La pile est une zone de travail de la mémoire qui grandit et se rétrécit dynamiquement avec les exigences de votre programme d'exécution.
어떻게 고치는 지 오류 28 (스택 공간 부족) - 스택은 실행 프로그램의 요구에 따라 동적으로 증가하고 축소되는 메모리 작업 영역입니다.
Como corrigir o Erro 28 (Sem espaço de pilha) - A pilha é uma área de trabalho da memória que aumenta e diminui dinamicamente com as demandas de seu programa em execução.
Hur man åtgärdar Fel 28 (Slut på stackutrymme) - Stacken är ett arbetsområde för minne som växer och krymper dynamiskt med kraven i ditt körprogram.
Как исправить Ошибка 28 (Нет места в стеке) - Стек - это рабочая область памяти, которая динамически увеличивается и уменьшается в соответствии с требованиями вашей исполняемой программы.
Jak naprawić Błąd 28 (Brak miejsca w stosie) - Stos jest obszarem roboczym pamięci, który rośnie i kurczy się dynamicznie wraz z wymaganiami wykonywanego programu.
Cómo arreglar Error 28 (Fuera de espacio de pila) - La pila es un área de trabajo de la memoria que crece y se reduce dinámicamente con las demandas de su programa en ejecución.

The Author About The Author: Phil Hart has been a Microsoft Community Contributor since 2010. With a current point score over 100,000, they've contributed more than 3000 answers in the Microsoft Support forums and have created almost 200 new help articles in the Technet Wiki.

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Article ID: ACX09216EN

Applies To: Windows 10, Windows 8.1, Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP, Windows 2000

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